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General Information of Myanmar

Republic of The Union of Myanmar, (formerly known as Burma) is recognized by the world as the Golden Land and it is the largest nation in mainland Southeast Asia. Its neighboring countries are China, India, Bangadesh, Laos, and Thiailand as seen in the map of Myanmar and is located between the two most populous nations in the world—China and India. It is the second largest country in South East Asia after Indonesia.

Climate

We’re enjoys in tropical climate with three seasons. The hot season (Summer) runs from March to mid May with sunny and hot, the rainy season from mid May to early October and heavy monsoon rainfalls in coastal regions. In cool season from mid October until the end of February with pleasant. The hot time to visit Myanmar is from November to January.
In our Motherland, all seasons have attractions and visitors can choice the appropriate time condition of the trip.

People and Race

A population of approximately over 60 million people in Myanmar, consist of seven main national races; Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakkhine and Shan. Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnic groups with their own languages, dialects and culture

Religion

About 85 percent of Myanmar people are Theravada Buddhist. The rest are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism or animism.

Local Time

Standard time of Myanmar is 0630 hours ahead of GMT.

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Currency

Myanmar currency is known as “kyat” and we used in current notes are 10000, 5000, 1000, 500 and so on. Useful notes are 1000 Ks and you may easily accessible Myanmar currency at Foreign exchange center in Airport or Private bank by showing the passport. Do not exchange money with street money dealers which are not safety.
Now, ATM machines are accessible in Major Tour Sites such as Yangon, Mandalay and Bagan. However, it can withdraw Myanmar money only from Master Card & Visa Card.

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Passport & Visas

A valid passport with Entry visa is required for all visitors. Tourist visa validity is 28 days and visa fees are US$ 30. Visitors can apply Myanmar visa in Myanmar Embassies at their relevant countries or can be obtained e-visa at thins link (http://evisa.moip.gov.mm)

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Telecommunication

In Myanmar, any oversea phones are doesn’t work in here. But there is Myanmar SIM cards rental services of Yadanarpon Teleport at Yangon International Airport.
For overseas call, you can try from the hotels in major tour sites. Or you can contact by e-mail because Internet access is widely available. You will be see many internet café shop in most of the tourist spots of our country.

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Food

Basically, Myanmar traditional food is curry and rice. So, the curry, salad, soup and cooked vegetables are eat together with rice at once. As we have many international standard restaurant, tourist can available also European, Thai, Chinese Food and Japanese etc..
We also recommend you to taste our Myanmar Food in your trip at least once. That is not so much spicy and sure you’ll be like it.

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Location

Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China; on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by Bangladesh and India. It is located between latitudes 09°32’N and 28°31’N and longitudes 92°10’E and 101°11’E. The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometers (261,228 square miles) ranging 936 kilometers (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometers (1,275 miles) from north to south.

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Festival : Shopping

Myanmar lies at the crossroads of Asia’s greatest civilizations, China and India. Before 1989, Myanmar is known under different names: Suvanabhumi, Bermah, and Burma. It was well known for its ancient archaeology and rich culture. Myanmar stretches from the islands of the Andaman Sea in the south, right up into the Eastern Himalayan mountain range, giving a variety of marvellous people and enriched nature. There are seven states and seven divisions in Myanmar. The divisions are Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon and the states are Chin State, Kachin State, Kayin State, Kayah State, Mon State, Rakhine State, Shan State. The Independence Day is 4th January 1948. There are over 40 foreign missions all over the world, including Embassies, and Consulate Generals. The currency is Kyats. Yangon and Mandalay International Airport serve as the main airports of Myanmar.

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Geography

The total area of Myanmar is 678,500 sq km where 657,740 sq km occupies the land and 20,760 sq km occupies the water. The bordering countries are Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, and Thailand 1,800 km. The central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands The lowest point is the Andaman Sea (0 m) and the highest point Hkakabo Razi (5,881 m).

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Climate

Myanmar has three main seasons, hot season, rainy season and cold season. Hot season is from March to May, rainy season is from June to October and cold season is from November to February. The tropical monsoon is usually cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers and less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter.
Nature Resource
Myanmar is rich in natural resources such as petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower.

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People

Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Population is estimated to be over 60 million. The nationality is Myanmar. There are more than 100 ethnic groups in Myanmar. Some of the Ethnic groups are listed as Akha, Palaung, Padaung, Naga, Taron, Eng and many more near extinct tribes. The religions are Buddhist, Christian and Muslim. The major language is Myanmar, but minority ethnic groups have their own languages. English is widely spoken and understood.

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History

The earliest primates known today as Pondaung Man, resided in Pondaung, northern Myanmar about 40 million years ago. After those eras, many city states emerged, and then came the 3 empires. In the third century BC, Myanmar was already unified into one strong empire. The first Myanmar Empire was created by King Anawrahta of the Bagan Dynasty (1044-1077 AD). The second Myanmar Empire was created by King Bayinnaung of the Taungoo Dynasty (1551-1581 AD). The third Myanmar Empire was led by King Alaungpaya of the Konbaung Dynasty (1752-1760 AD). These three great kings were well-known in the Myanmar history for their bravery and good leadership. In 1885, King Thibaw, Queen SupayaLatt and the royal family were taken to Ratanagiri, India and Myanmar fell under the British Rule. Myanmar became a British Colony from 1885 until 1948.

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Neighbouring Countries

Myanmar has many neighbouring countries, Bangladesh is located in the West, India in the Northwest, China in the Northeast, Laos and Thailand in the East.

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General Information

The country code is +95, and the internet access code is .mm.
Time Zone = MMT (UTC + 6:30)
International airports are in Yangon and Mandalay.
The country is divided into states, divisions, townships, wards and villages.
Business Hours is usually from 9am to 5pm for private companies and 9:30 to 4:30 for government offices. Working days are from Monday through Friday. Public holidays are also included.
Major Credit cards are not widely accepted. Cash is always more convenient. National currency is Kyat.
Electricity is 200 volts AC, 50Hz.
Taxis are available everywhere. There are over 250 Buses lines running through Yangon everyday. For exclusive transport, there are car rental services.
Domestic highway bus terminals are AungMingalar and Dagon Ayeyar, both about 10 miles from downtown Yangon.
Common local unit of weight is peiktha (viss), which equals to 3.6 pounds.
Most common unit of measure is feet and inches.
Clothing should be light, casual cotton wear, sandals or slippers are best for summer.
A cardigan or light jerkin for winter and quick drying clothes and an umbrella during the rainy season.